Overview of Intelligence Definition
Douglas R. Hofstadter has stated:
We should try to formulate in some independent way a set of Such
characteristics which deserve the name "intelligence." characteristics
would constitute the uniform core of intelligence shared by humans.
At this point in history we do not yet have a well defined list of those
characteristics.... [T]here may be some elegant and beautiful--and
perhaps even simple--abstract ways of characterizing the essence of
intelligence.... And of course, if contact were established with an alien
civilization from another star system, we would feel supported in our
belief that our own type of intelligence is not just a fluke, but an
example of a basic form which reappears in nature in diverse contexts,
like stars and uranium nuclei. This in turn would support the idea of
meaning being an inherent property..1
That is mainly what this book is about: a serious attempt to formulate an accurate description of intelligence by identifying its "characteristics" or properties. These properties will be examined from as many different points of view as is possible, and will not only be applied to humans but to all other aspects of our existence where merited. There is an "elegant and beautiful--and perhaps even simple" way to characterize the "essence of intelligence." We will examine the evidence which strongly suggests that "intelligence is not just a fluke," but rather "an example of a basic form which reappears in nature in diverse contexts, like stars and uranium nuclei."
The Integrated Theory of Intelligence represents a relatively
comprehensive view of intelligence and consciousness, and the way that both relate to the rest of our material existence. Although the basis of this work originated from a peak experience, as defined by Abraham Maslow, it is being presented within the framework of scientific theory and wishes to be judged from that viewpoint. An attempt has been made to support any philosophical concepts with valid scientific data, at least as much as possible. Certain ideas presented have not yet been scientifically validated, but should in time be testable.
This work should be of greatest interest to those individuals who have experienced altered states of consciousness, have had a peak experience, or consider themselves to be self-actualizing persons, again as defined by Maslow. It is probable that those whose experience fits into one or all of these categories will be among the first to understand and accept the relevance of this work.
The central theme of this book began as a rather lengthy article, but it quickly became apparent that the concepts being presented would require much more discussion and verification than space allowed in the original draft.
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